Monday, December 31, 2018

How To Reorder cells in UICollectionView using Swift

While building out a feature, in one of our Apps, I was faced with a need to reorder the cells in UICollectionView using Swift.

I looked around and found many ways of doing it, some of them work and some of them didn't. Heres an implementation that we ended up using and which is working for sure.

The Solution

Here are the steps to get the reorder feature working using drag and drop

  • We need to implement the method collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, canMoveItemAt indexPath: IndexPath) -> Bool from the UICollectionViewDelegate protocol, to indicate that the cells in UICollectionView can be moved around.
  • Next, we need to implement the UILongPressGestureRecognizer for the UICollectionView so that we can better handle the long press gesture
  • We are adding the gesture recognizer to the UICollectionView and setting up the callback method to handleLongGesture(gesture: UILongPressGestureRecognizer)
  • In the callback method we are letting the UICollectionView know about the interactions. 
  • Most of the work is already done, only thing left is to handle what should happen when the items are moved around. This can be achieved by implementing the method collectionView(_ collectionView: UICollectionView, moveItemAt sourceIndexPath: IndexPath, to destinationIndexPath: IndexPath) from the UICollectionViewDelegate.
Thats about all the code thats needed to achieve reordering of cells in UICollectionView using Swift!

Friday, November 30, 2018

How to use a Git Submodule's https url without username

We were starting on a new project and we had a git repository for it (no surprises here :)). This repository was hosted on bitbucket. We were using it over HTTPS because of various reasons.

The Problem

Soon enough we wanted to add a submodule to it. This submodule was hosted on bitbucket as well. This posted a tricky situation, because the HTTPS url looks like


Notice that it embeds the username i.e. deep into the URL itself. This URL is used in the .gitmodules file that is tracked in the parent repository.

This wouldn't have been a problem if, I was the only one working on the project. However, there were other developers wanting to work on this repository and check out the submodules. Unless I get rid of the username from the submodule URL, other developers would not be able to pull/push the submodules and contribute to the repository.

The Solution

I looked around and finally found a very simple solution to this problem. The solution works very well, as long as the main repository and submodules reside on the same server i.e. bitbucket in our case. Lets say that the parent repository URL was 

  • As you can see both the parent and the submodule are hosted on the same server.
  • We need to edit the .gitmodules file located at the root of the parent repository. This is a text file and can be opened in any text editor.
  • Locate the Submodule and its HTTPS URL there. It would look something like this
  • Next, we need to edit the submodule URL and make it relative to the parent repository URL
  • In this case, the relative url would look like "../module.git"
  • Updated .gitmodules looks like this
  • After this all we need to do is push the updated .gitmodules.
  • Thats it, now other developers will be able to pull and push changes to the parent repository and its submodules like any other repository!

Tuesday, October 30, 2018

How to debug a web page on iOS - Part 2

In this post we will continue our pursuit to debug a web page on iOS. Wont it be nice, if we had Chrome Developer Tools kind of interface even for the iOS?

The second way to investigate webpage errors on iOS is going to achieve exactly that, but using Safari!

The Solution

Apple natively supports remote debugging of webpages on  iOS since iOS6. Here are the steps that are necessary to enabled it.
  • Open Settings app on iOS device
  • Click on Safari

  • Here, click on Advanced

  • Next, enable the Web Inspector switch.
  • Now, head over to your Mac and open Safari.
  • Click on Safari --> Preferences

  • Click on Advanced tab and enable Show Develop menu in menu bar 

  • This will Show a new menu item called Develop right next to the Window menu item.
  • Now, Connect your iOS device with the Mac using a cable.
  • Next, Open the Safari browser on the iOS device and open the webpage that you want to investigate.
  • Click on Develop and you should see your iOS device listed there.
  • Clicking on your iOS device name under the Develop menu, should show up all the web pages opened on the iOS safari browser.

  • Click on the webpage that you want to debug, this opens up the Safari Web Inspector 
  • Here, you can select elements, manipulate CSS, investigate console errors, look at all the network calls, profile your app and more. 
  • Notice when we inspect a div in the Web Inspector, it automatically gets highlighted on the iOS device

    Nice isn't it?

    Sunday, September 30, 2018

    How to debug a web page on iOS - Part 1

    One of our customer, recently wrote an email to our support team about a problem they were facing. They were not able to view the "Printables" section of Monster Math Games. This section shows list of free and paid Printable activities. This page is designed as a web page instead of a native screen and loads in a web view on the app. The customer was only getting a blank white page.

    I started investigating the issue, initially I thought it might be some sort of network latency issue or  something related to HTTP vs HTTPS. But it turned out, the problem was with one of Javascript API we were using.

    The Problem

    Debugging a web page on iOS device, is not as straightforward as I had initially thought. I learned two very interesting ways of debugging webpage errors on iOS. This post is an attempt at documenting these two approaches so that it could help someone who is facing a similar problem.

    The Solution

    The first thing I wanted to check was the actual source code of the web page. Here are the steps we need to follow to view HTML source of a web page.

    • Open this post on the iOS safari browser
    • Click the upload icon button on the menu bar, then click the "Add Bookmark" button.
    • Change the Title field to "View Source" and hit "Save"
    • Next we need to edit this bookmark and change the Address field to the following javascript code. Copy all the text from the following gist.

    • It needs to be done this way because, iOS Safari doesn't let us edit the Address field while creating the bookmark.
    • Click on the "Book Icon" in the menu bar to bring up your bookmarks. 
    • Click on "Favorites", you should see the newly created book mark "View Source".
    • Click the "Edit" and then tap on "View Source" bookmark.

    • Now select the Address field and paste the copied code.
    • Hit the "Done" to save the bookmark.
    • Visit the web page whose HTML source you want to view.
    • Once the page opens, click the newly created bookmark "View Source". 
    • This will open up a popup with details of the web page

    • This Popup has a "View Source" tab that shows the HTML source of the web page.

    Pretty cool, huh!

    Friday, August 31, 2018

    How to find APNS Device Token of a Production iOS app

    I wanted to test out the look and feel of a push notification on the production iOS app. For that, we needed to know device token of my device.

    The Problem

    Quick googling suggests that, we can get the device token from the app delegate callback method. However this method doesn't work for production apps. So how do we get the device token of a production iOS app?

    The Solution

    The solution is pretty straightforward and extremely low tech :D. We could get the device token from XCode using the following steps:

    • Connect your device with the Mac
    • Open XCode, click on Window -> Devices and Simulators
    • Open Devices and Simulators
    • Devices and Simulator window opens up, click on "Open Console"
    • Click on Open Console
    • New and shiny device console opens up
    • Launch the app and accept the popup to receive notifications.
    • Now on the device console search for "Request per-app token with token identifier"
    • Device Console with Push Token
    • You should get the device token which is in the format "4D2338E0-1D8F-490A-9C8E-F5A4FEA2CFFF"
    Just use the device token with any push notification sending service to send the push notification to your device!

    Tuesday, July 31, 2018

    How to paginate faster in PostgreSQL with big offset values

    I was surprised to know, how inefficient pagination could be, when its done with LIMIT and OFFSET.

    Everything is good and dandy as long as the OFFSET value is in hundreds and you are dealing with relatively smaller dataset. With huge datasets (5-10 Million+ records) the performance degrades pretty fast as the offset values increase.

    The Problem

    Offset inefficiency creeps in because of the delay incurred by shifting the results by a large offset. Even in the presence of an index, the database must scan through storage to count rows. To utilise an index we would have to filter a column by a value, but in this case we require a certain number of rows irrespective of their column values.

    Moreover Rows could be of different size in the storage and some may be marked for deletion, hence the database cannot use simple arithmetic to find a location on disk to begin reading results.

    The Solution

    Its best to demonstrate the solution with an example. Lets say for e.g. we have a table called "events" with primary key column "id". We are fetching 30 records per page from it and now want to skip 100000 records and get the next 30 records. The query to do this would look like this

    This query would be pretty slow because of reasons mentioned above. To get around this problem we can tweak the query as follows and it should start running faster (unbelievably fast).

    Reason for this significant improvement in performance is because of the WHERE clause on "id". Database could go right to the given row and than fetch next 30 records!

    There you have it, a simple tweak in query could be the difference between a "crawling query" and a "blazing fast query"!

    Saturday, June 30, 2018

    How to map PostgresSQL JSON column with Hibernate value type and Kotlin

    At makkajai, there has been no dearth of challenging problems :). Recently we moved our analytics partner. I will not bore you with details on why we had to move, but what is significantly more interesting is how we executed the move. Some key requirements for the move where:

    • Migrate all the data collected by previous analytics partner i.e. around 40 Million events to the new partner.
    • Honour concurrency limits of old and new analytics partners. Because if we didn't honour them, they will stop responding for a period of 10 minutes (which would be costly 10 minutes)
    • Old analytics partner had a limit of 3 concurrent requests.
    • New analytics partner had a limit of sending 1000 events per second. 
    • Migration had to be reliable and fault tolerant. For e.g. we could run the migration multiple times during the migration window.
    I am not going to go into details of how we solved the whole problem (may be some other time), in this blog I am going to focus on a very small part of the problem. 

    The Problem

    PostgresSQL JSON column type has great querying features, I wanted to use it to save parts of events JSON response received from our old analytics partner. For this to happen, I needed to map the PostgresSQL JSON column type to Hibernate value type. This blog post is to document the steps needed to achieve this using Kotlin.

    The Solution

    There are 4 steps involved to make things work.

    • Adding a custom PostgreSQL dialect to register the JSON column type with Kotlin String.
    • Registering the custom PostgreSQL dialect in
    • Adding a custom user type class to map kotlin String to PostgreSQL JSON column.
    • Annotating the model classes, to use the custom user type class.
    Here is the exact code needed to achieve all the 4 steps mentioned above

    Above is the custom PostgresSQL Dialect to register the JSON column type with a Kotlin String.

    Sample Application properties to register the custom dialect.

    Above is the custom user type mapping class. This will be used to map Kotlin String to PostgreSQL JSON column.

    Above is the simple UserEvent model class that uses the string property properties and maps it to the PostgreSQL JSON column data type.

    Thats about it! When we create the instance of UserEvent class and set the value of properties it will be correctly saved in PostgreSQL JSON column type. PostgreSQL will also validate that its a valid JSON String before saving the information.
    Have some Fun!